Yoreh Deah Siman 267 Seif 60

 

ס הַמְשַׁחְרֵר חֲצִי עַבְדּוֹ, בִּשְׁטָר, לֹא קָנָה הָעֶבֶד אֶת חֶצְיוֹ וְנִשְׁאַר עֶבֶד כְּמוֹ שֶׁהָיָה. אֲבָל אִם שִׁחְרֵר חֶצְיוֹ בְּכֶסֶף, שֶׁנָּתַן לוֹ דְּמֵי חֶצְיוֹ כְּדֵי לְהִשְׁתַּחְרֵר, קָנָה, וְהוּא חֶצְיוֹ בֶּן חוֹרִין. בַּמֶּה דְּבָרִים אֲמוּרִים, בְּשִׁחְרֵר חֶצְיוֹ בִּשְׁטָר וְנִשְׁאַר בּוֹ חֵצִי הָאַחֵר, אֲבָל אִם מְכָרוֹ אוֹ נְתָנוֹ לְאַחֵר, בֵּין שֶׁהָיָה הַשִּׁחְרוּר וְהַמְּכִירָה אוֹ הַנְּתִינָה כְּאֶחָד, בֵּין שֶׁקָּדַם הַמְּכִירָה אוֹ הַנְּתִינָה לַשִּׁחְרוּר, קָנָה הָעֶבֶד אֶת חֶצְיוֹ, וְהַלּוֹקֵחַ אוֹ הַמְקַבֵּל חֵצִי הָאַחֵר. וְכֵן עֶבֶד שֶׁל שְׁנֵי שֻׁתָּפִים שֶׁשִּׁחְרֵר אֶחָד מֵהֶם אֶת חֶלְקוֹ, אֲפִלּוּ בִּשְׁטָר, קָנָה, וְהוּא חֲצִי בֶּן חוֹרִין.

Seif 60

If one free his slave halfway with a bill of release, the slave does not acquire half of his person, and he is a slave just as he was before. However if he releases half of a slave, because of a monetary payment – e.g., he took money for half his worth with the intent of freeing that half – he acquires (half his freedom). Thus, he is half slave and half free man.

When does the above apply? When the master released half of the slave (with a bill of release) and retained half. If, however, he sold half the slave and gave away the other half after, whether the liberation was through the selling or as a gift likewise whether the sale preceded it or after the release the slave acquires half of his person, and acquires or accepts the other.

 

Similarly, when a slave is owned by two partners, and one frees his half – whether through money or through a legal document – the slave acquires his half, and he is half slave and half free man.